There is one immediate solution to sustainably deal with these global challenges - sustainable agriculture.

Sustainable agriculture can address climate change, poverty, hunger and a byproduct of the previous three: migration.

We have to provide long-lasting options to help farmers, livestock keepers and fishers adapt to climate change; they are often the hardest hit.

We need to look to youth and people in rural areas; they are the ones leaving their homelands, driven out by hunger, poverty, and an increase in extreme weather events linked to climate change.

 

Most food-producing countries want to become more sustainable

 

An FAO analysis of countries’ climate commitments shows that countries see agriculture as key to their climate change response.

FAO’s support expands from introducing climate-smart agricultural practices to protecting biodiversity, and making agriculture an attractive employment option.

 

Technology is key to monitoring and interrupting change

 

FAO is embracing technology to capture vast quantities of new information on agriculture and natural resources, from dietary nutrition to forest, pest control to water management, plant health to climate change.

"From earth-observation satellites, to mobile technology, to drones; innovation is complementing on-the ground information."

Unless we invest more in sustainable agriculture, climate change will hamper our progress towards ending hunger - a global goal adopted by 193 member states of the United Nations in 2015.

But ending hunger is not just a matter of having enough food for everyone; for the future of our planet and humanity, it is equally important how food is produced and how we use our natural resources in doing so.  

 

Finding realistic energy alternatives

 

For example, to halt deforestation – one of the Sustainable Development Goals - we need to make better use of wood for fire, which is still the main energy source in several developing countries, reaching two million cubic meters of wood per year.

FAO is applying all of its areas of expertise to pursue new models of sustainable, inclusive agriculture and natural resource management that promote food security and a sustainable food system hand in hand with climate change adaptation and mitigation.

Unless we invest more in sustainable agriculture, an already complex migration issue can only become more challenging. 

Economies evolve and the movement of people in search of better employment opportunities – within and across countries - is inevitable. But people should have the choice to migrate or not. 

Investing in sustainable agriculture and rural development is a crucial part of any plan to tackle the migration challenge.

FAO is working to make agriculture an attractive employment option, and help create new jobs.

Governments, international organizations, regional agencies, civil society organizations, the private sector and research institutions need to look to sustainable agriculture to create an enabling environment and address major global challenges such as climate change and migration at the same time.

World Food Day

This year, the theme for World Food Day, which is celebrated annually on the 16th October, will focus on the link between migration, food security, sustainable agriculture and rural development.